This guide is organized according to the four types of environmental prevention strategies identified in our review: policy, enforcement, communication, and multicomponent strategies. Each type, or domain, includes multiple strategies. For each strategy, we provide a record that contains the following information:

  • The strategy name. This is a general strategy name (e.g., juvenile diversion programs) rather than the name of a specific program (e.g., DUI Intensive Supervision Program). For multi-component strategies we do include specific program names.
  • A brief one- or two-sentence description of the strategy.
  • The strategy objective. This describes the mechanism by which the strategy is thought to reduce or prevent substance use outcomes and their related consequences (e.g., to limit commercial availability of alcohol to youth under age 21).
  • Detailed information on the key or typical elements of the strategy, as presented (in chronological order) in the literature.
  • Population groups for which the strategy was designed and, if applicable, with which the strategy has been evaluated.
  • Evaluation outcomes associated with the strategy that are related to the reduction or prevention of underage drinking.
  • Detailed guidelines highlighting external resources (e.g., print- and web-based tutorials, guidebooks or manuals), so the reader can find additional information, if desired.
  • Whether the program has received any formal recognition from or been recommended by national agencies or organizations and the names of recommending entities.
  • References representing the sources of information from which the record was derived.